• Aborigines in the Services Vol 1, Part 1 and Part 2. Australian National University. Dept. of Pacific and Southeast Asian History, Canberra, Aboriginal History, 1992.
  • Adam-Smith, Patsy. Prisoners of War - from Gallipoli to Korea. Collingwood, Penguin Books, 1992.
  • Ball, Desmond. Aborigines in the defence of Australia. Sydney, Australian National University Press, 1991.
  • Bray, George.  Aboriginal Ex-Servicemen of Central Australia. Alice Springs, Institute for Aboriginal Development Inc, 1995.
  • Gordon, Harry. The Embarrassing Australian: The story of an Aboriginal Warrior. 2nd ed. Melbourne, Cheshire-Lansdowne, 1965.
  • Hall, Robert A. Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Second World War. Canberra, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University, 1987.
  • Hall, Robert A. Fighters from the fringe: Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders recall the Second World War. Canberra, Aboriginal Studies Press, 1995.
  • Hall, Robert A. The Black Diggers: Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Second World War. Sydney, Allen and Unwin, 1989.
  • Hedger, Michael.  Public Sculpture in Australia. Unknown location, Craftmans House.
  • Jackomos, Alick. Forgotten Heroes: Aborigines at war from the Somme to Vietnam. South Melbourne, Vic., Victoria Press, 1993.
  • Inglis, K.S.  Sacred Places:  War Memorials in the Australian Landscape. Carleton South, Vic., Melbourne University Press, 1998.
  • Kartinyeri, Dr. Doreen.  Ngarrindjeri Anzacs. South Australian Museum and Raukkan Council, S.A., Gillingham Printers 1996.
  • Laughton, Kenny.  Not Quite Men, No Longer Boys.   Jukurrpa Books, Alice Springs N.T.  1999.
  • Lockwood, Douglas. The Front Door: Darwin 1869-1969. Angus and Robertson, London, 1969.
  • Malone, M.J. OBE. SAS - A Pictorial History of the Australian Special Air Service 1957 - 1997. Access Press, Western Australia, 1997.
  • Miller, James. Koori: A Will to Win. Angus and Robertson, Sydney 1985. (pg 133 - 136).
  • Parbury, Nigel. Survival - A History of Aboriginal Life in New South Wales. Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs New South Wales, Sydney 1988. (pg 98 and 99)
  • Powell, Alan. The Shadow's Edge: Australia's northern war. Carlton South, Melbourne University Press, 1988.
  • Thomson, Donald F. Dona. NTSRU 1941-1943: Northern Territory Special Reconnaissance Unit. Yirrkala, NT. Yirrkala Literature Production Centre, 1992.
  • Thornell, Harold and Thompson, Estelle. A Bridge over time: Living in Arnhemland with the Aborigines 1938-1944. Melbourne, J.M. Dent, 1986.
  • Thursday Island State School. Torres Strait at war: A recollection of wartime experiences. Thursday Island, QLD, Thursday Island State School, 1988.


  • "Operation Boomerang" Commando Comics - No.2861, Great Britain, D.C. Thomson & Co., Ltd. 1995.

Journal articles

  • Aboriginal History, vol.16, 1992 (Whole issue devoted to Aborigines in the Australian military).
  • 'Aboriginal clergyman opposes battalion idea', Mufti, vol.16, no.12, December 1951, page 14.
  • 'Aborigine diggers: list grows', Reveille, vol.5, no.2, 31st October 1931, page 15*.
  • 'How far can you trust primary sources?', Wartime - Official Magazine of the Australian War Memorial', No.3 Spring 1998, page 35 and 36.
  • Pratt, Rod. "Queensland's Aborigines in the First A.I.F", Sabretache (Journal of the Military Historical Society of Australia), Part 1 vol. 21, no. 1 (Jan. – March 1990), pp. 18 – 22., Part 2 vol. 21, no. 2 (April – June 1990), pp.26 – 29., Part 3 vol. 21, no. 3 (July – Sept. 1990), pp. 26 – 29., Part 4 vol, no. 4 (Oct. – Dec. 1990), pp.36 –38.


  • Pratt, Rodd. By Cripes!  I'll fight for White Australia!: Queensland Aborigines in the First A.I.F.  Master of Literary Studies Thesis


  • '5 Bloody Weeks - Syria 1941', documentary 44 mins, Headquarters Training Command, produced by Lt.Col. Don Keyes, distributed by Roadshow Entertainment, 1997. Features footage of an unknown Aboriginal soldier of the 7th Division in Syria.
  • Australian War Memorial 'Museum in a Box' - 'Too Dark for the Light Horse: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in the Defence Forces', compiled by Judy Crabb - researched and written by Trevor Geary, Suzy Nunes and Gary Oakley. 1994. [This excellent resource can be borrowed by schools and interested people, contact the education section of the War Memorial for details]
  • 'Our Aim', June 1915, pg.4. April 1916, pg.4. May 1916, pg.5. August 1917, pg.4. November 1917, pg.4. July 1918, pg 4.   October 1918, pg.4. (Miller, bibliography pg 279)
  • 'Report of the Board for the Protection of Aborigines for the Year 1914', Joint Volumes of Papers of the Parliament of New South Wales, 1915/16, Vol. 1, pg. 985. (Miller, bibliography pg 279)
  • 'The Coloured Digger' (Poem), Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels and other verses. . ., Sapper Bert Beros, F.H. Johnston publishing company Sydney. Date unknown.
  • The Singleton Argus, 5 August 1915 (Miller, bibliography pg 279) Rex Rienits (ed.), Australia's Heritage: The Making of a Nation (105 vols), Vol. 72, Paul Hamlyn Pty. Ltd, Sydney, 1971, pg 1726. (Miller, bibliography pg 279)
  • "The Horror - Barry Gissel, 50", Ralph Magazine, September 1999.  Page 68 and 69.  Story of an Aboriginal Vietnam Veteran.
  • "Lest We Forget Indigenous Servicemen and Women", Walkabout - Talkabout, ATSIC in NSW, April 1999.  Koori Mail newspaper
  • Dawn Magazine
  • Reading list of selected items held at the AIATSIS Library
  • Queensland Aborigines in the first AIF / Rod Pratt
  • The black Diggers : Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Second World War / Robert A. Hall
  • Aborigines in the defence of Australia / edited by Desmond Ball
  • Fighters from the fringe : Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders recall the Second World War / Robert A. Hall
  • Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Second World War / Robert A. Hall
  • Forgotten heroes : Aborigines at war from the Somme to Vietnam / Alick Jackomos and Derek Fowell
  • Guarding white Australia : Aborigines contributions to northern surveillance during the second World War / Robert A. Hall
  • Aborigines and the Army : the second world war experience / Robert A. Hall
  • Black Australians in the Second World War / Robert A. Hall
  • The embarrassing Australian : the story of an Aboriginal warrior / Harry Gordon
  • Harry's war [videorecording] / Richard Frankland

See also the AWM Reading List.