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MS 4008

Records of the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project



Access

Access various between open and restricted. The bulk of the records have Access code A3b B1 [i.e. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation – Principal’s and/or Depositor’s permission]. The remainder of the records is available for reading, copying and quotation. For details see introduction to each series

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Scope and Content Note

Date range: 1978-1985 (bulk 1978-84)

Extent: 8.3 metres (50 boxes)

As the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project was administered and partly funded by the then Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies the records are the property of AIATSIS. They were originally stored in AIATSIS Library in filing cabinets labelled ‘organisations’, ‘research files’, ‘administrative files’ and ‘name files’, and on bookshelves. Due to the sensitivity of much of the material, access was restricted.

In preparation for the move to the new AIATSIS premises on Acton Peninsula in 2001, the records were temporarily rehoused into archival boxes and the associated audiovisual material, including five rolls of film, numerous photographic prints, and nine slides, were transferred to the Institute’s Audiovisual Archives. For access to all audiovisual material relating to the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project contact the Audiovisual Archives Program 

In addition to the manuscript records held in this collection, AIATSIS Library holds the published reports and papers by and/or on the Project. For a complete listing of Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project material (including audiovisual material) see Mura® online catalogue.

In 2002 it was noted that the records did not include the ‘Name files’ [i.e. files on individuals associated with the Project]. For a listing of these files see Series 8 Item 31.

The arrangement of the Project files as found in the filing cabinets has been retained by the Library. Item [or folder] titles, in most cases, are taken from the original files and the material within each file is generally in chronological order. Any additional information derived from internal evidence and other sources are placed in square brackets.

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Background Note

In 1978 the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs invited the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies to monitor the social impact of uranium mining on Aborigines in the Northern Territory [the Supervising Scientist, under the Environmental Protection (Alligator Rivers Region) Act 1978, was responsible for monitoring the environmental impact of uranium mining on the region]. The consequent research program involved establishing base-line data on the social environment and providing up-dated information before attempting to monitor and report changes as they occurred. The Institute reported to the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs at quarterly then at six-monthly intervals, and could report directly at any times on issues of the moment.

To give effect to this brief, Council of the Institute appointed a Uranium Impact Project Steering Committee. This Committee included experts in political science, anthropology, Aboriginal sites, and Aboriginal representatives of the Oenpelli community and the Northern Land Council. The Committee also had the power to co-opt non-voting participants.

Initially, there were eight positions on the Project: Project Director (John von Sturmer), Research Fellow (Susan L. Kesteven), Research Assistant, Secretary, and four full-time Aboriginal co-workers. The Project Director and Research Fellow spent most of the year in Oenpelli where they lived in the town in demountables rented from the Department of Administrative Services.

At the end of five years the Minister was presented with the Consolidated Report of the Project, which was tabled in Parliament in October 1984, and several accompanying volumes that were not tabled.

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Series List

Series

Contents

1

Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Steering Committee/Project Executive Committee, 1978-84

2

Department of Aboriginal Affairs. Standing Committee on the Social Impact of Uranium Mining on Aboriginals in the Northern Territory, 1979-84

3

Organisations, Aboriginal

4

Organisations, Mining

5

Organisations, Academic

6

Organisations, Government

7

Office of Supervising Scientist – Co-ordinating Committee for the Alligator Rivers Region Meetings, 1979-85

8

Administrative material, 1978-85

9

Reports to Minister, 1978-84

10

Project papers, 1978-84

11

Project Workshop, 1983

12

Miscellaneous field notes, 1979-85

13

Research material

14

Environmental impact material, 1978-80

15

Miscellaneous printed material

 

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Series Descriptions

1. SOCIAL IMPACT OF URANIUM MINING PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEE / PROJECT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, 1978-84

The Project was overseen by the Steering Committee that was answerable to the Council of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. The Committee, headed by Chairman Colin Tatz, consisted of up to twelve members (plus observers), drawn from representative groups such as Social Anthropology, Political Science, Administration, Aboriginal sites, etc. Aboriginal representatives of the Oenpelli community and the Northern Land Council were also members. Members included R.M. Berndt, I. Burranali, K. Colbung, H.C. Coombs, L. Hiatt, N. Maralngurra, J. Nayinggul, P.J. Ucko, J.R. von Sturmer and W.C. Wentworth. Non-voting participants included P. Carroll, W. Dix, W. Gray, S. Kesteven, M. Mace, M. Tonkinson and G. Ward.

At the Steering Committee Meeting held 11-13 August 1981 [Minute 81/11] an Executive Sub-committee consisting of the Chairman (Professor Colin Tatz) and/or Deputy Chairman, the Principal of the Institute, the Project Director and an Aboriginal member of the Committee from the Alligator Rivers Region was established to consider the direction of the Project, subcommittees, and research panel [AIAS Council Minutes 1/10/81]. This Sub-committee was later known as the Project Executive Committee.

This series, originally housed with the Project’s administrative files, includes agenda, minutes and associated documents tabled at the meetings. Files are arranged chronologically by date of meeting. To the original files the Library has incorporated miscellaneous material that relate to the various meetings and appear to have been prepared as reference material for the Principal.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission.

Item

1-14

Steering Committee/Project Executive Committee – General, 1978-84. Includes documentation referring to the circulation of minutes, notification of meetings, arrangements for travel and accommodation etc. Files for the meeting of 11-13 August 1981 includes photographs. Files for the meetings of 28 March 1980 to 4 May 1984 also contain correspondence to and from the Steering Committee or the Project Executive Committee. See Series 1 Items 15-36 for dates of meetings.

15-36

Steering Committee and/or Project Executive Committee – Minutes etc., 1978-84. Includes minutes and associated documentation for the Social Impact of Uranium Mining on the Aborigines in the Northern Territory Planning Committee Meeting held 1 August 1978; agenda, minutes and associated documentation, such as the Project Director’s Reports and papers tabled at meetings of the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Steering Committee meetings of 8 November 1978; 6 March 1979; 28 March 1979 (Seminar Meeting); 27 and 31 July 1979; 28 March 1980; 4-5 September 1980, 27 February 1981, 11-13 August 1981, 30 August 1981; and minutes etc. for the Project Executive Committee held 24-25 February 1982, 11 May 1982, 20 October 1982, 3 November 1982, 2 March 1983, 7 August 1983 (includes Project Workshop papers 6-7 August), 8 December 1983, 24 January 1984 (includes Project Workshop papers 23-24 January), and 4 May 1984. Item 36 also contains an Agenda and report on the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Special Advisory Meeting held 9 January 1984. See also Series 1 Items 38-40.

37

Committee of Privilege, 1980-81. This Committee was set up to deal with matters concerning confidentiality (see Steering Committee Minutes 6 March 1979, Minute 79/9). Item includes copies of correspondence sent to the members of the Committee by the Project Director and Research Officer.

38-40

Minute books, 1978-84. Three red Collins Guard Minute Books No.902 containing the minutes for the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Planning, Steering and/or Executive Committee Minutes from 1 August Meeting October 1978 to 7 August 1983 [Items 38-39]; and Project Director’s Reports for 1978-79 [Item 40].

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2. DEPARTMENT OF ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS. Standing Committee on the Social Impact of Uranium Mining on Aboriginals of the Northern Territory, 1979-84

This Standing Committee was established in 1979 by the then Minister for Aboriginal Affairs. It was to act as a decision-making body determining the most appropriate departments or agencies to act on problems identified and brought to the attention of the Committee. The Committee reported jointly to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, the Chief Minister of the Northern Territory, and the Chairman of the Northern Land Council. The Director, Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Affairs, was a member of the Committee.

The Committee convened on several occasions for the purpose of reaching some assessment on the social impact of uranium mining on Aborigines. In the main, the Committee, addressed itself to resolving problem areas that were brought to its attention by a wide range of agencies involved in the Region – such as the Jabiru Town Development Authority, the AIAS, Commonwealth and Northern Territory Departments. In making an assessment of the social impact, the Standing Committee used the reports of the AIAS (although they were not restricted to these reports) as its base which identified and detailed the scope and nature of the major problems. See also Working Party on Employment and Training in the Uranium Province, Series 14 Items 49-53.

This series includes minutes of the meetings of the Standing Committee from 1979-84; minutes and documentation of the West Arnhem Co-ordinating Committee and the Jabiru Area Working Group, with which the Department of Aboriginal Affairs had a co-ordinating role; and correspondence between the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and the Institute’s Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Steering Committee.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Items 26 and 27.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

1-17

Standing Committee on the Social Impact of Uranium Mining, 1979-84. Includes agenda and minutes of meetings commencing with meeting to establish the Standing Committee, the inaugural meeting of which was held on 20 November 1979. Within the minutes are letters of Ronald M. Berndt and the Northern Land Council on the role and function of the Committee, confidential notes for file, government briefing notes, reports, and lists of Committee members. Reports cover such areas as Aborigines and uranium policy generally, employment and training, banking facilities, ‘Aboriginal transient camping’ [at Jabiru], health, and adult education in the Alligator Rivers Region. Files are arranged chronologically by year.

18-20

West Arnhem Co-ordinating Committee, 1979-83. Meetings of the Committee were held on several occasions throughout the year at Jabiru or Darwin in the Northern Territory. The AIAS Project Director or the Research Fellow often attended these meetings. Includes agenda, minutes and documentation of meetings. See also Gagudju Association, Series 3 Items 7-9.

21

Jabiru Area Working Group, 1982-83. This Group was established following requests from various government departments and organisations for a means to discuss local issues involving Aborigines living or working in Jabiru. Includes minutes of meetings, report on ‘Aboriginal accommodation – Jabiru’, and Directory of Northern Territory Government Departments and Authorities involved in the Alligator Rivers Region, 1983.

22-23

Ministerial correspondence, 1978-83. Mainly copies of correspondence, and notes of telephone conversations between the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and the Principal, Acting Principal or Project Director concerning the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project

24-25

Department of Aboriginal Affairs – Correspondence, 1979-84. Includes correspondence, notes for file, notes of telephone conversations and, reports of meetings held with Departmental officials by the Principal AIAS and members of the Project team

26-27

Department of Aboriginal Affairs – Information, 1979-83. Includes miscellaneous booklets, newsletters and general correspondence. Open access

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3. ORGANISATIONS, Aboriginal

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Items 1 and 12.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

1-2

Aboriginal organisations – General. Includes correspondence of John von Sturmer, Project Director concerning the National Aboriginal Conference, Central Land Council, Kimberley Land Council and North Queensland Land Council with related miscellaneous printed material, 1978-82. Open access for Item 1.

3

Gunbalanya Council. Includes correspondence, including notes of telephone conversations, and report of meeting [30 July 1979] between John von Sturmer, Project Director and members of the Gunbalanya Council, Oenpelli, 1978-83.

4-6

Kunwinjku Association. Formed c.1982 to deal with royalties from the Narbarlek Uranium Mine. Files include constitution, correspondence, reports of meetings, and memos, 1981-82; and revenue details, 1979-81.

7-9

Gagudju Association. This Association, comprising Traditional Owners of land in the Kakadu Region, was established to disburse revenues flowing from the Ranger Agreement. Files include letters and notes for file of the Project Director and Research Fellow, 1979-83; copies of reports on Gagudju Association income; draft ‘Some policy considerations for the Gagudju Association’, by Mark Dreyfus, 1980; Rules of Gagudju Association; list of members; background briefing notes; minutes of meeting, 1979; and ‘Field Report’, by Mark Dreyfus, 1979.

10-14

Northern Land Council. Includes draft ‘Comment on evaluation of the performance of the Northern Land Council’, 1983; background notes; minutes of meetings, June 1978 and March 1979; notes on informal discussion with Minister, 1978; various copies Land Rights News, 1979-80; lists of members; correspondence between the NLC and AIAS Project members, 1978-83; notes for file; and seminar papers presented by the NLC to the Institute, 1982. Open access for Item 12.

15-19

Northern Land Council – Field Reports. Handwritten and typescript filed reports, memos, records of meetings and job application, by David Rourke, NLC Field Officer, 1978-80. See also Series 15

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4. ORGANISATIONS, Mining

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Items 1-3 and 25-30.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

 

Item

1

Australian Mining Industry Council. Includes press statements, 1978-79; A Declaration of policy, 1980; and Mining Review (9) 1982 and (1) 1984. Open access.

2-3

Denison Mines Ltd. (Koongarra). Includes press statements, copies Hansard, June 1981, background information on Denison Mines Ltd. and Noranda Australia Ltd.; letter of Rev. J.H. Downing re. threat to Kakadu National Park with related newspaper clippings, January 1983; draft assessment paper on the Koongarra Final Environmental Impact Statement, 1980; and printed material on the Koongarra Project, published by Noranda Australia Ltd. Open access.

4-9

Koongarra Project. Includes ‘Comments on the D.E.I.S. and Supplement…prepared by Noranda for their Koongarra Project’, by AIAS; correspondence and comments relating to the preparation of the AIAS paper, 1979-80; ‘Report to the Northern Land Council on consultations with the Traditional Owners of the Nourlangie area and Aborigines affected by the proposed mine at Koongarra, as carried out by the Consultant, Diane Bell’, 1982; and draft submissions, handwritten notes, and press statement relating to the Koongarra Hearing, March 1983.

10

Pancontinental Mining Limited (Jabiluka). Includes ‘Comments on the Final Environmental Impact Statement prepared by Pancontinental for their Jabiluka Project’, by AIAS with associated correspondence, comments and file notes, 1979

11-14

Jabiluka negotiations. Includes notes for file, draft ‘Development of Agreement’; ‘Basic summary prepared by Peter Sutton of the negotiators’ draft agreement between the NLC and Pancon’, 1981; lists of participants at meetings with Pancon, and associated notes, 1981; ‘Comments on day 1 of Djarr-djarr meeting, Saturday 4.7.81’, [by J.R von Sturmer?]; statement by Pancontinental to NLC; NLC press release; reports by NLC Field Officers, and minutes of meeting, 1975. Item 14 includes papers relating to the Jabiluka Employment Monitoring Committee, 1982-83.

15

Nabarlek negotiations (1978). Includes ‘Background report – the meeting of Traditional Owners (Nabarlek Project) at Croker Island…’, November 1978.

16-24

Queensland Mines Limited (Nabarlek). Includes ‘Confidential. Comments on the Final Environmental Impact Statement prepared by Queensland Mines Limited in connexion with the Nabarlek Report’, by J.R. von Sturmer, 1979, with associated correspondence and comments [Items 16-17]; draft agreements and correspondence between QML and the NLC, 1979-81; Ministerial speech ‘Nabarlek Uranium Project’, 1979; photographic prints of QML ; copies of correspondence from QML re. surface storage pond facilities; various reports on incident at Nabarlek, 6-7 March 1981; minutes of meetings of the Queensland Mines Limited Aboriginal Liaison Committee, 1979 and its successor, the Nabarlek Advisory Council, with associated correspondence and notes, 1981-2.

25-31

Ranger Uranium Mines Pty. Ltd. Includes Department of Aboriginal Affairs background notes, 1979; ‘The Ranger Agreement’, 1979; draft ‘Kakadu National Park Management Plan’, 1978; Ranger Monitoring Cell Newsletter nos. 2-5, 1981; A Look at the Ranger Agreement, booklet published by the Aboriginal Land Rights Group, Melbourne; and correspondence, notes and newspaper clippings. Open access for Items 25-30.

32-37

Ranger negotiations. Includes correspondence, reports and notes for file, 1975-76, and minutes of meetings, 1978; transcript of tape re. Ranger Agreement, by Dean McLaughlin, 1978; ‘Consultations with Aboriginals re. Ranger Mine’, by Stuart McGill, 1978; Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry: Subject Index; Northern Land Council. Report on Aboriginal Traditional-Ownership of the Alligator Rivers Region. Part I., by Ian Keen, 1975; ‘Comments on documents and various issues involved in these – for the Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry’, by R.M. and C.H. Berndt, 1977; draft Aboriginal Traditional Sites in the Mudginbarry – Mount Brockman Area (E.L. Ranger Uranium Mines Pty. Ltd, submitted by E. Brandl, 1972; various indexes to Ranger Inquiry transcripts; and report of meeting of Ranger Liaison Committee, June 1979 with related notes and memo.

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5. ORGANISATIONS, Academic

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for Item 1. Open access for Item 2.

Item

1-2

Australian National University. Includes correspondence [Item 1], seminar notices and newsletters relating to the Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies (CRES) with particular reference to The Impact of uranium mining on the social environment of Aborigines in the Alligator Rivers Region, paper presented at CRES Workshop by H.C. Coombs, April 1980 [located Series 6 Item 11]; and the North Australian Research Unit, 1979 - 82

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6. ORGANISATIONS, Government

This series includes papers of Commonwealth and state agencies with which the AIAS Project had some involvement or interest.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Items 3,5,6,8,9,15,17, and 22-29.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

1-4

The Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service. As part of its ministerial brief, the Institute’s Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project was interested in the operation of the Kakadu National Park, especially as it affected its Aboriginal inhabitants. As such, it welcomed approaches from the ANPWS on any precise issues and, expected to offer comments on the plan of management once it was published [draft letter prepared by the Principal, AIAS, 1 June 1979]. Includes pamphlets, articles, correspondence and notes for file relating to tourism in the Kakadu National Park, 1981-83; vandalism of rock art sites, 1979; Aboriginal trainees, 1978-80; language and Aboriginal history project; and research into the Park generally. Open access for Item 2. See also Series 6 Items 5-16.

5-16

Kakadu National Park Plan of Management. On 18 April 1980 the Director of the National Parks and Wildlife Service, J.D. Ovington announced the Kakadu National Park Plan of Management had been prepared and invited comments on the Plan. The AIAS, Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Steering Committee, chaired by Colin Tatz sent its major critique of the draft plan. This was followed by a meeting with Ovington (September 1980) and correspondence concerning the Final Plan of Management. Includes ‘Proposal for a Northern National Park, Northern Territory. Report’, 1971; ‘ Kakadu National Park – alteration of boundaries. Excision area for Koongarra Uranium Mining Project’, by C.M. Maxwell, 1981; draft agenda for meeting with traditional land owners of Kakadu region, 1978; draft management plan, 1978; [AIAS] ‘Comments and recommendation on the Kakadu National Park: Plan of Management’, 1980 with associated comments by John von Sturmer, H. Allen, Carmel Shrire, Henry T. Lewis, M. Tonkinson and others; and comparative material on national parks. Open access for Items 5, 6, 8, 9 and 15.

17-22

Commonwealth Departments and agencies. Includes correspondence, notes for file, memoranda, reports of meetings, and published reports resulting from the Project’s members communications with officials from the Australian Heritage Commission, Department of Home Affairs and Environment, Uranium Advisory Council and Office of the Commissioner for Community Relations, 1978-82. Files arranged by name of organisation. Open access for Items 17 and 22. See also Series 2 and 7.

23-29

Northern Territory Departments and agencies. Includes pamphlets, conference papers, journal articles, newspaper clippings, reports and/or leaflets documenting the operations of the Northern Territory Government, 1980-83, in particular, ‘Under two flags’ and ‘Under new management’ reviews of the first and second conferences between Aboriginal Leaders and the Northern Territory Government’, prepared by Nungalinya College, 1979-80. Also includes similar material on the Sacred Sites Protection Authority; Department of Health; Department of Mines and Energy; and Department of Transport and Works. Files are arranged by name of organisation. Open access. See also Series 7.

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7. OFFICE OF THE SUPERVISING SCIENTIST. Co-ordinating Committee for the Alligator Rivers Region, 1979-85

The concept of a statutory office of Supervising Scientist for the Alligator Rivers Region and the associated institutions – the Co-ordinating Committee for the Alligator Rivers Regions and the Alligator Rivers Region Research Institute – had its origin in the report of the Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry. This Inquiry was set up under the [Commonwealth] Environmental Protection (Impact of Proposals) Act 1974 to examine the environmental aspects of a proposal by the Australian Atomic Energy Commission in association with Ranger Uranium Mines Pty. Ltd. for the development of uranium ore deposits in the Northern Territory, in particular those known as the Ranger deposits at Jabiru.

On 25 August 1977 the then federal Minister for Environment, Housing and Community Development, the Hon. K.E. Newman, announced the Government had decided to appoint a Supervising Scientist, to exercise a supervisory and integratory role over all research and monitoring programs associated with environmental protection from the hazards of uranium development in the Alligator Rivers Region and, to advise on specific environmental requirements for the Ranger project. The Minister also announced that the Government would establish a Research Institute, and a Co-ordingating Committee. The Environment Protection (Alligator Rivers Region) Act 1978 that gave affect to these decisions was assented to on 9 June 1978.

The Co-ordinating Committee for the Alligator Rivers Region, chaired by the Supervising Scientist, had the function of forming standards and procedures and control measures for environmental protection in the Region. Members included representatives from the Northern Territory and Federal governments, the Northern Land Council, and the uranium mining industry. Meetings were held in the Northern Territory throughout the year and a number of observers/advisors were invited to attend. The records indicate that John von Sturmer and/or Susan Kesteven from the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project attended as observers in 1979 as did Colin Tatz, Chair of the Steering Committee, in February 1982.

This series includes agenda notices, minutes, ‘Summary and Decisions’ of the Co-ordinating Committee meetings, address lists, telegrams, proposals and associated reports, such as those on the Ranger Project, the Nabarlek Project, AIAS Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project that were filed with the Office of the Supervising Scientist and circulated to members and/or observers for information at the meetings. From December 1983 only summary records and information papers are held. Files are arranged chronologically by year and date of meeting. See also Series 16.

Access code A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission.

Item

Co-ordinating Committee for the Alligator Rivers Region meetings

1

Correspondence between the AIAS Project team and Office of the Supervising Scientist, 1979-83; and confidential AIAS reports on Co-ordinating Committee for the Alligator Rivers Region meetings, 1979.

2-14

1979 records of meetings of 27 February; 10-11 April; 10-11 May; 6-7 June; 5-6 July; 1 August 5-6 September; 10 October; 7 November; and 6 December.

15-23

1980 records of meetings of 27 February; 9 April; 5 June; 6 August; 15 October; and 3 December.

24-33

1981 records of meetings of 11 February; 8 April; 10 June; 11 August; and 17 November.

34-48

1982 records of meetings of 16 February; 8 June; 24 August; and 23 November.

49-60

1983 records of meetings of 1 March; 23 May; 9 August; and 13 December.

61-77

1984-85 records of meetings of 6 March; 19 June; 18 September; and 11 December 1984; 5 March; 18 June; and 24 September 1985.

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8. ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIAL, 1978-85

This series includes papers relating to the management of the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project by the Project Manager, the Research Fellow , the Secretary and others employed on the Project.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Item 10.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

1

Administration – General. Includes memoranda and circular letters to staff from the AIAS Principal, Deputy Principal and others concerning general business and, conditions of service in the field, 1979-85 (bulk 1983-84).

2

Equipment. Initially the Project was to establish a small base at Oenpelli and Jabiru to accommodate field workers. Includes correspondence, telegrams, invoices and memoranda concerning the erection of demountables and connection of telephones at Oenpelli, 1979-84; vehicle use and office purchases, 1980-84.

3-7

Budget. Includes general financial statements and associated notes for file, memoranda, invoices and receipts concerning project expenses, telephone charges etc., 1978-84; and separate financial statements for the Project Director, the Research Fellow, and other researchers 1978-84

8-10

Computerisation. Includes computer-generated manual for the use of The [Australian National University’s] DEC-10 computer system, August 1980; minutes of AIAS and Project computer meeting, 1981-2; and correspondence, reports, memoranda and costing of possible upgrade of the Project’s WICAT computer system, 1983-4. Open access to Item 10. See also Series 13 Item 30

11

AIAS Co-ordination and Planning Group. Includes agenda and resolutions of meetings, 1982-84. Papers include references to the Project budget and computer situation, 1982-4.

12

Relevant AIAS/Council Executive minutes. Mainly extracts from the minutes referring to the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project, 1978-84.

13-16

Staffing. Includes list of Project staff, 1985 and correspondence with members of the Steering Committee, 1979; general information on staffing on the various staffing positions, 1978-83; ‘Staff activities and movements’ file containing diary/field notes, memoranda and travel details, 1979-84; and reports of Project staff meetings 1980-83. Note: all personal papers concerning the employment of staff on the Project were transferred to AIATSIS General Registry, Personnel file in 2002.

17-22

Project – General. Includes correspondence, draft pamphlet; Project papers, reports and Workshop papers; ‘Rough draft. The future of a Social Impact Project: a brief critical assessment’, by Ronald M. Berndt; and list of Project papers. Material covers the establishment and development of the Project; 1979-84.

23-24

Research design. Includes correspondence, memoranda and handwritten notes, 1979-85; ‘Guidelines for present and future research’, 1980; and ‘Uranium Impact Project: roles and responsibilities’, by L.R. Hiatt, c.1979.

25-30

Chairman and Project Director’s Reports. Includes Chairman’s Reports, Social Impact of Uranium Mining Steering Committee, 1979-82 [Item 25]; and Project and/or Acting Project Director’s Reports, 1979-82. Arranged chronologically by date. Copies of these reports also located in Series 1.

31

Filing. Includes paper on the arrangement of material held by the Project, c.1984; and memoranda, 1979-84.

32-33

Audiovisual and photographic documentation. Includes correspondence and memoranda re. Film Training Trip 1981. Joseph Bumarda and Bundy Namarnyilk; and slide and photographic documentation of the Project, 1979-81. See also Series 13 Items 66-68.

34

Miscellaneous correspondence to Principal. Includes memoranda, copies of correspondence, etc., 1980-84. Copies of the Steering Committee minutes and associated Project reports that were originally housed with this material can be found in Series 1.

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9. REPORTS TO MINISTER, 1978-84

The Project reported initially at quarterly intervals then at six-monthly intervals to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and these reports were tabled in Parliament [after 22 November 1979]. At the end of five years the Minister was presented with the Consolidated Report of the Project, which was tabled in Parliament in October 1984, and several accompanying volumes, which were not tabled.

This series includes the draft, final and consolidated Report(s) to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs on the Social Impact of Uranium Mining on the Aborigines of the Northern Territory, correspondence, and notes used for the preparation of an index. For Project papers submitted to Parliament in 1984 see Series 10.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Items 7-18.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

1-4

Draft Reports to Minister. Includes correspondence commenting on the various draft reports, including the draft consolidated report, 1978-84.

5-17

Reports to Minister, 1978-83. Includes draft and final reports to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs for the period ending 31 December 1978; 1 January - 31 March 1979; 1 April - 30 September 1979; 1 October 1979 - 31 March 1980 + Appendix A. Guidelines for present and future research, by J.R. von Sturmer and Appendix B. Knowledge Directory; 7 April - 30 September 1980; 1 October 1980 - 31 March 1981; 1 April - 30 September 1981; 1 October 1981 - 31 March 1982; 1 April -5 November 1982; 6 November 1982 - 31 March 1983; handwritten index, 1983; and associated Ministerial statements. Files arranged chronologically by date of report. Open access for Items 7-17.

18

Consolidated report to Minister, 1984. Includes Aborigines and uranium. Consolidated report on the social impact of uranium mining on the Aborigines of the Northern Territory, and chapter drafts. Open access. Another copy in Library at B A951.51/41.

19-21

Reports to Minister – Correspondence. Includes correspondence between the Principal and the Project Director; notes for file commenting on reports to the Minister, 1979-83; and correspondence concerning the circulation of the reports, 1979-84

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10. PROJECT PAPERS, 1978-84

This series includes draft manuscripts, three black-bound, typescript volumes probably submitted with the Consolidated Report to Parliament in 1984, and associated correspondence. Also includes the correspondence related to the collecting of data for the Commonwealth government involvement in the Alligator Rivers Region (A.R.R.): knowledge directory.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Items 3-4, 6-9, and 21-23.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

 

1-5

Draft papers. Includes draft manuscripts of ‘Land tenure in Western Arnhem Land’, by S Kesteven and D. Smith [see also MS 1959]; ‘Monitoring social impact’, by Professor Colin Tatz; ‘Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry and after’; ‘Review of Oenpelli 1979-1980, by Sue Kesteven; ‘The impact of money deriving from uranium mining’, by Sue Kesteven; and [AIAS] ‘Comments on the Uranium Advisory Council Report entitled Potential social impact of the Koongarra and Jabiluka Uranium Mining Projects on the Aboriginal people of the Alligator Rivers Region’, 1982 [see also PMS 3510]. Open access for Items 3 and 4.

6-9

Final papers. Includes bound copies of Oenpelli profiles 1974-1950 and 1979-83, by Catherine H Berndt, Ronald M. Berndt and Sue Kesteven, 1984. See also MS 2639; The impact on Aborigines of money deriving from uranium mining, by Sue Kesteven, 1984. See also MS 2640; and Social impact of uranium mining: database documentation, by Sue Kesteven and John Hook, 1984. See also MS 2641. Also includes Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs (Reference: Fringe-dwelling Aboriginal Communities), Official Hansard report, 25 February 1982. Witnesses, Colin Tatz, Ronald Berndt and John von Sturmer; ‘Aborigines in the uranium industry: towards self-management in the Alligator Rivers Region’, by John von Sturmer, 1981; and ‘The use of plants by the Aboriginal People in the Oenpelli Region of Western Arnhem Land, by D. M. Smyth and J. R. von Sturmer, 1981. Open access.

10-11

Project papers – Correspondence. Includes letters and memoranda concerning circulation of Project papers, 1978-85. See also list of Project papers, Series 8 Item 17.

12-24

Knowledge Directory. Includes correspondence related to the publication of the 1st, 2nd and proposed 3rd editions of the directory on the involvement of Commonwealth government departments and agencies in the Alligator Rivers Region; drafts and spiral bound and unbound copies of the 1st and 2nd editions; and correspondence concerning the circulation of the directories, 1979-84. Open access for Items 21-23. See also MS 1587 and MS 1445 in Library.

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11. PROJECT WORKSHOP, 1983

The Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project Workshop was held at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra, 6-7 August 1983 and was attended by members of Aboriginal organisations, government, academic and industry. While the main focus of the Workshop was the Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry (Fox Inquiry), it was also intended to consider the contents of the consolidated report, due to be sent by the Project to Federal Government by June 1984, and the desirability of extending the Project beyond that time.

A second meeting/workshop was held at the Institute on 23-25 January 1984 to consider the contents of the consolidated report and the continuation of the Project. See Series 1, and Series 8 Item 34.

This series contains the papers relating to the Project Workshop held in 1983.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission.

Item

1-5

Includes edited transcript of the Project Workshop and related correspondence; ‘The payment of mining royalties to Aborigines in the Northern Territory: compensation or rent’, by John Altman, 13pp.; ‘Rough draft. The future of a Social Impact Project: a brief critical assessment’, by Ronald M. Berndt, 10pp.; ‘Two bites of the cherry – some observations on Aboriginal land claims in the Alligator Rivers Region’, by Graeme J. Neate, 14pp.; edited fragments; and a final Project Workshop transcript, highlighted for indexing purposes

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12. MISCELLANEOUS FIELD NOTES, 1979-85

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission.

Item

1-4

Handwritten and typescript notes of the Project Director found amongst the research files [Series 13]. Includes file notes recording conversations, field diary entries etc. of the Project Director, John von Sturmer, and memoranda between von Sturmer and the Research Fellow, Sue Kesteven. Files are arranged in rough chronological order

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13. RESEARCH MATERIAL

A major research activity within the Project was to establish base-line data, on the existing social environment before any impact of mining occurred. This involved reviewing the literature to establishing the main features of traditional social and cultural life in the general region; establishing the main features and phases of the contact history of the region; and compiling a detailed record of events and activities which affected the region since 1968.

This series includes correspondence, memoranda, file notes, research papers, questionnaires, surveys, final addresses, statements of evidence and transcripts re. land claims, newsletters, pamphlets, maps, journal reprints, press statements, newspapers clippings, and miscellaneous notes.

Access code – A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for most items except those items marked ‘Open access’.

Item

Title

1

Aboriginal communities

2

Aboriginal politics/Self-Management

3

Aboriginal Treaty

4

Aborigines and development. Open access

5

Action Anthropology

6

Alcohol

7-8

Alligator Rivers Region re. Mining and other developments

9

Arts and crafts

10

Attitudes and uranium

11

Bibliographies. Open access

12

Calendar of events

13-14

Census material. Open access for Item 13

15

Church/Christianity/religion

16-17

Communications and Information Flow – General

18-21

Communications and Information Flow – Questionnaire

22-23

Comparative Studies

24

Consultancy phenomenon

25

Consultation

26

Contact history. Open access

27

Croker Island and Cobourg Peninsula

28-29

Customary Law. Open access for Item 29

30-31

Demography

32-37

Diet [includes Directory of Plant Foods, 1981]. Open access for Items 32, 34

38

Diet – Questionnaire

39

Economics. Open access

40-43

Education

44-45

Education – Alligator Rivers Region

46-48

Employment and training - General

49-53

Employment and training [drafts ‘Working Party on Employment and Training in the Uranium Province’, 1981]

54-56

Environmental impact [drafts SIUMP paper ‘The monitoring of uranium mining in the Alligator Rivers Region – some current realities’, by Leslie Hunter, 1982]

57-58

Environmental monitoring

59-64

Environmental monitoring – Climate/rainfall figures [for Oenpelli,NT, 1910-76]. Open access for Items 60-64

65

Exploration leases

66-68

Film/video [proposals and general information]. Open access for Items 66, 68

69

Fringe dwellers

70

Goulburn Island (Warruwi)

71-74

Health [including drafts ‘Manmoyi: report of visit by J R von Sturmer and M Kamien 21.6.81 to 22.6.81 in connection with the Medico-Social Impact Study’]

75

History

76

Housing

77

Induction booklets

78-79

Jabiru

80

Kunmokurrkurr (Gunmogurrgurr) of Western Arnhem Land

81-82

Land claims [includes file on ‘Land rights – General’, special report on Seigal Creek, and papers from AIAS Workshop on Northern Territory Land Claims. See also Social impact – General]. Open access for Item 81

83-90

Land claims – Alligator Rivers Stage II [Kakadu]

91-94

Land rights – Northern Territory legislation, 1976. Open access for Items 92-94

95

Language [mainly material re. dictionary]

96

Law and Aborigines

97

McKinlay Expedition 1865-66

98-102

Man/land relationship

103-105

Mining, Uranium – General. Open access for Items 103-104

106-109

Mining revenues [includes ‘The effects on Aboriginal communities of monies paid out under the Ranger and Nabarlek Agreements’, by Sue Kesteven, 1980

110

Noonkanbah, Western Australia. Open access

111

Northern Territory – General. Open access

112-113

Oenpelli community profile – General [see also Outstations and Politics/elections]. Open access for Item 113

114-117

Oenpelli road case

118-124

Outstations [includes Jabiru, Nourlangie, Cannon Hill, Mudginberri, Narbarlek, Oenpelli and survey]. Open access for Item 119

125

Perceptions of change [in ‘Aboriginal’ communities]

126

Politics/elections

127

Remote communities

128-133

Social impact – General [newspaper clippings]. Open access

134-135

Social impact assessment– Alligator Rivers Region [see also Project design]. Open access for Item 134

136

Social organisation/kin behaviour

137

Tourism [in Kakadu National Park]

138

Vehicles

139

Weipa. Open access

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14. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MATERIAL, 1978-80

This series contains material ‘donated’ to the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project by David Rourke, Field Officer, Northern Land Council (NLC). The bulk of the material dates from 1979 to 1980 and includes diaries, field notes, accounts of meetings and reports by David Rourke, copies of correspondence, financial papers, memoranda, telegrams, newsletters, newspaper clippings, and an identity pass of David Rourke issued by Queensland Mines Limited. Issues covered include the ‘Oenpelli road dispute’ and proposed amendments to the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for Item 9.

Access code A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for all other items.

Item

1-3

Notebooks. Includes Spirax Note Book No.563 titled ‘David Rourke. Office notes’, May-July 1979; blue, lined exercise book recording the Trust Meeting 24/5/79 and Nabarlek Meeting 24/5/79; red Woods Diary. Any year, 1979; and green Collins Financial Year Diary No.14M4 that includes loose leaf notes

4-9

Miscellaneous papers. Includes NLC correspondence, handwritten field reports and notes by David Rourke [Items 4-8] and newsletters and newspaper clippings [Item 9]. As found

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15. MISCELLANEOUS PRINTED MATERIAL

This series includes transcripts of proceedings relating to the Alligator Rivers stage II land claim, 1980-81 and, the Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry, 1975-77; draft environmental impact statements by Noranda, Queensland Mines and Pancontinental, Kakadu National Park Plan of Management, technical reports, educational pamphlets, and newspaper clippings. With the exception of the newspaper clippings, and a number of reports most of the material has either been incorporated into the general Library holdings and can be accessed through AIATSIS Mura® online catalogue. A list of this material is found in Item 1. The material that is held within the Records of the Social Impact of Uranium Project (MS 4008) is listed in Items 2 - 23.

Access code A3b B1. Closed access – Principal’s permission. Closed copying and quotation. Principal’s permission for Items 9-10.

Open access – reading. Open copying and quotation for all other items.

Item

1

List of miscellaneous printed material from the Records of the Social Impact of Uranium Mining Project transferred to the general AIATSIS Library holdings. Typescript list prepared by AIATSIS Library, 2002 (three copies).

2-3

North Australian Research Directory, 1971, 1976-77. Compiled and published by the North Australia Research Unit of the Australian National University, Darwin, N.T.

4-8

Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service. [Annual] reports 1975-83; Interim report: visitor use Kakadu National Park, by M.A. Forbes and P.J. Merrill, 1983; Kakadu National Park: Teachers’ handbook and Education resources, edited by Tony Stokes, 1981

9-10

Supervising Scientist for the Alligator Rivers Region. Scientific Workshop, 1983. Includes Environmental protection in the Alligator Rivers Region, 2 vols. Scientific Workshop held at Jabiru, Northern Territory, 17-20 May 1983. Restricted manuscript

11-19

Supervising Scientist for the Alligator Rivers Region. Research reports and/or technical memorandums, 1981-84. Alligator Rivers Region Research Institute. Research Report for 1983-84; Research Report 3: a limnological survey of the Alligator Rivers Region, Northern Territory. Part 1. Diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) of the region, by D.P. Thomas, 1983; Transport of trace metal in the Magela Creek System, Northern Territory, by S.H.R. Davies et al, 1981. [Technical memorandums 1-3]; Dietary pathways through lizards of the Alligator Rivers Region 1984, by C.D. James et al; Capacity of waters in the Magela Creek System to complex copper and cadmium, by B.T. Hart and S.H.R. Davies, 1984; Acute toxicity of copper and zinc to the three fish species from the Alligator Rivers Region, by L. Baker and D. Walden, 1984; Textural characteristics and heavy metal concentrations in billabong sediments from the Magela Creek System, by P.A, Thomas and B.T. Hart, 1984; Oxidation of manganese (II) in island billabong water, by B.T. Hart and M.J. Jones, 1984; and ‘In situ’ experiments to determine the uptake of copper by the aquatic macrophyte ‘Najas tenuifolia R. Br.’, by B.T. Hart et al, 1984

20-23

Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, Darwin. Heavy metal monitoring Alligator River Region Uranium Province. A Compendium of results 1979, 1980, 1981 and 1982. Technical reports nos. 14, 16-18, by L. White et al. See also Series 7

24-66

Newspaper clippings, 1979-83. Photocopies of clippings from Australian national, and Northern Territory newspapers. Clippings from 1979-81 provided by Department of Aboriginal Affairs. Papers are in rough chronological order by month and/or year. See also MS 3759 Series 27 in Library for other newspaper clippings covering the uranium debate in Australia 1974-78

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Box List

 

Box

Series

Items

1

1

1-12

2

1

13-23

3

1

24-34

4

1

35-37

5 Folio

1

38

6 Folio

1

39

7 Folio

1

40

4

2

1-8

8

2

9-18

9

2

19-27

 

3

1-3

10

3

4-14

11

3

15-19

 

4

1-7

12

4

8-19

13

4

20-33

14

4

34-37

 

5

1

 

6

1-7

15

6

8-21

16

6

22-29

 

7

1-6

17

7

7-16

18

7

17-26

19

7

27-36

20

7

37-46

21

7

47-56

22

7

57-67

23

7

68-77

24

8

1-10

25

8

11-20

26

8

21-31

27

8

32-34

 

9

1-8

28

9

9-18

29

9

19-21

 

10

1-5

30 Folio

10

6-8

29

10

9-11

31

10

12-22

32

10

23-24

 

11

1-5

 

12

1-3

33

12

4

 

13

1-11

34

13

12-22

35

13

23-33

36

13

34-44

37

13

45-54

38

13

55-65

39

13

66-77

40

13

78-87

41

13

88-97

42

13

98-110

43

13

111-121

44

13

122-133

45

13

134-139

 

14

1-4

46

14

5-9

 

15

1-8

47

15

9-23

48

15

24-42

49

15

43-59

50

15

60-66

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Finding Aid prepared by J.E. Kirkham, June 2002